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since June 2012

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Installing Wheezy is much simpler than Squeeze

One of a set of simple easy to use guides for beginners to set up a Raspberry Pi computer.

Ok this instruction sheet I will explain how to install the Wheezy distro from the SDCard you created on the "1. Pi SD Card MY CHOICE".

1. Lets just plug in the SDCard into the Raspberry Pi and plug in the TV/Monitor and a keyboard and and switch on.

In this distribution you get a menu on the first boot up that allows you to configure much of what was hand edited in Squeeze, and this makes the installation really simple.
The menu is as follows.
We are setting up the Pi as a server so will look at Server configs.


info                Info about this tool
expand-rootfs       Expand the root partition to fill SD card
                    You should always use this option whatever you are building
overscan            Change overscan 
                    You should only use if you will be using the Pi for graphics  
configure_keyboard  Set keyboard layout
                    Again only use this if you are using a NON UK keyboard
change_pass         Change password for pi user
                    Always change your Pi password whatever you are doing
set_locale          Set locale 
                    Dont touch if you are in England
change_timezone     Timezone changes
                    Check is set to Europe and London if in the UK
memory_split        This sets the memory for use by the video controller
                    Always change this set to 
                      224Mb Arm 32Mb Video if creating a server
                      128 Arm 128 Video if creating a graphics client
ssh                 Enables the ssh server 
                    Always Enable this whatever you are creating as will allow
                    remote login to your Pi
boot_behavior       Startx on boot
                    Only set if you are using a graphics Pi
update              try to update raspi-config
                    Worth doing but only if you are connected to the Internet


2. Right as we are setting up a server which doesnt need graphics so we need to run the following options
NOTE:- the menu uses the [Up] and [Down] arrows to move up and down the menu options [Space] to select items and [Tab] to move through fields.
  expand-rootfs  - Enable
  change_pass   - Enter your own password
  memory_split   - Set to 224Mb Arm 32Mb Video 
  ssh                - Enable
  update           - Run this if connected to the Internet
3. Now Finish the menu and restart the Pi, if the automatic restart doesnt work then type
pi@raspberrypi~$ sudo reboot

4. On rebooting the Pi it will take some time to restart as it will expand the SDCard partition before doing anything else which can take 3 or 4 mins to expand to a 4Gb card longer for an 8Gb.

5. I would at this stage login as Pi and run the following.
pi@raspberrypi~$ sudo apt-get update
If this doesnt work, it will be because the Wheezy install defaults its DNS nameserver to and as my network uses a different IP and gateway then this fails.
The easy way fix to this is to type the following
pi@raspberrypi~$ sudo sh -c 'echo "nameserver" >> /etc/resolv.conf'
This will set Google as one of your name servers so that DNS resolves the website then re-run the update
pi@raspberrypi~$ sudo apt-get update

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